Home Android China's fight against the Westernization of its students

China's fight against the Westernization of its students

71
0
SHARE

The exact 56 first graders stand, school bags on ir backs. They are quite different – and yet same. Each child carries anor of 56 colorful costumes of all nationalities gared in China. But everyone laughs and prances and shouts, "I am a Chinese." Behind school, place of Heavenly Peace can be seen, with Mao painting over entrance to Imperial Palace, red Chinese flag flying over scene.

n

The drawing can be seen on first double page of textbook "Chinese Language", which is currently being distributed to millions of first-year students in China. The image has message that is to be drawn back through China's schools: You are Chinese, you are different, you are special.

n

Beijing worries. Young Chinese are increasingly hard to shield from internet chats, movies, music. The leadership fears losing fascinating young generation from foreign lifestyle to West. Universities and academies have been controlled more intensively for some time. Now communist restoration is to reach schools. There, with turn of millennium, a new, cosmopolitan spirit had entered school books. He shall disappear.

nThe goal: A counter-power to US, also culturally

Vice Minister of Education Zhu Zhiwen recently said it was not a simple correction, but a fundamental panning. "In new teaching material, we are reinforcing our socialist values, our classical education and our revolutionary traditions." The books for first years and for first class of middle school are first stage of schoolbook revolution. By end of 2018, all 140 million pupils from nine primary and secondary school classes will learn from new books.

n

The very powerful head of state, Xi Jinping, wants to make China finally world-famous. Not only economically, but also militarily, politically and culturally. He wants to build his empire as eastern rival of West dominated by USA and its culture. The Chinese are to reject American culture – and to think of mselves.

n

Five years ago, Xi Jinping had launched great revolution in textbooks. He reintroduced central state monopoly on teaching material – and ended school-political thaw that had begun when Beijing joined World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001. The Volkskongress at that time anchored right to property and protection of human rights in constitution.

Path from individualization to collective

A swing that also reached schools: Well-known educators and scientists were allowed to develop enlightenment textbooks, including four-volume citizen "Xin Gongmin". The textbook for third class began with call: "Look in mirror. Who do you see? Yourself! Just as re are no identical tree leaves, you are also unique. Stand in front of your mirror and say: I like myself! ".

n

The authors ventured on new territory. They wanted to prepare China's students for a globalized world where self-initiative and critical inquiry were needed. Everyone could do more than just be an interchangeable bully in socialist movement. The new curriculum suddenly dealt with tax law, explained how to bring an action against authorities, and why accused of "guilty of innocence" applies until crime proves to be a crime.

n

Past. The new textbooks praise individual's adaptation to collective. They praise diligence, obedience, and civilized behavior. 140 professionals have edited new teaching materials for five years. With experts and researchers 900 people had worked on new conception of books, wrote "Volkszeitung".

nReturning from Marx and Musesoldat Lei Feng n

In center re are three subjects: Chinese, History, Moral and Law. In this last subject, for example, re is now a new textbook for seventh grade – first class of middle school. Two old acquaintances are back in limelight: Karl Marx and Confucius. Lei Feng, a farmer's son and a Muslim soldier, is also making his appearance – a mythical propaganda film, which became famous for first time by a Mao text in 1963.

n

The history books also recount new events. After that, China began its struggle against Japan not only in 1937, but already six years earlier. China is now decisive force that waged war against Japan – and won Second World War in Asia. The country was refore faced with fruits of post-war settlement in Asia.

n

Beijing, refore, exercises "legitimate sovereignty" over Tibet, Taiwan and West China Xinjiang province. China is refore also Senkaku Islands administered by Japan and quasi all controversial spots in Chinese Sea. The "Volkszeitung" commented that new textbooks conveyed to students a correct understanding of history and national sovereignty of China.

nTo strengn "red genes" of youth n

Beijing can not remain idle, says Japan in his schoolbooks denying war blame question, if in Hong Kong and Taiwan for 20 years was tried to "brainwash" youth re. China needs to educate its youth "from beginning on our values ​​and strengn ir red genes".

n

This is also "Chinese language", basic schoolbook with costumes, where now 129 ancient Chinese texts are gared. There is also a subtle, symbolic change in writing. So far, six-year-olds first learned Latin phonetic transcription "Pinyin".

n

Now y have to practice first Chinese characters directly, without going through western letters. The five elements "iron, wood, water, fire and earth" are terms "heaven, earth, man", personal pronouns "Du, Ich, Er". Exactly so, vernacular was also taught in school books before 1949. Pinyin learn primary schoolchildren only after one month's lessons.

n

Only occasionally, quite rarely, are concessions still flashing to lifeworld of pupils. This is how new books are relatively open about puberty problems, emotional life of young people and online friendships. At one point, question is asked wher patriotism also justifies attacks on foreign companies in China. Of course not, is right answer. Small islands of critical thinking in books that make a new, old time break up.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here